As the years’ pass and innovation improve, the boundary of pregnancy gets drove more distant and more remote back. It used to be believed that ladies shouldn’t get pregnant beyond 40 years old. Today, 50-something ladies and their doctors wonder in the event that it is safe to push that obstruction significantly more distant.
Menopause is an age-related procedure or a substantial change that happens in women following specific years old and over some undefined time frame. Other than being set apart by the suspension of typical monthly menstrual cycles, it starts with bit by bit increasing symptoms which may keep going for a considerable length of time or years before the finish of the conceptive stage.
Stages of Menopause
- Peri-Menopause: The Peri-menopausal period is checked principally by the inconsistency of typical menstrual cycles. Other than this, early side effects of menopause like emotional episodes, bone agonies and unreasonable hair development over the face begin showing up during this stage. During this period, the body encounters continuous declining levels of oestrogen and progesterone which are in charge of the arrival of developing eggs from the ovaries and keeping up pregnancy individually. The degrees of both oestrogen and progesterone step by step abatement to a point where the ovaries are never again ready to discharge mature eggs for fertilization. This period may keep going for 1-2 years until which women experience menopausal side effects like irregular periods, hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, distraction, and changes in sexual drive, hardened joints and weight gain.
- Menopause: A woman is assumed to have come to her menopause when it has been a year since she had her last menstrual cycle. This is the point at which the ovaries totally quit discharging eggs for treatment. This denotes the end of a lady’s conceptive stage, and the lady is currently no longer ready to ovulate and conceive a baby. This typically happens at 45 years old to 50 years.
- Postmenopause: This is the period after menopause; the body is currently unfit to keep up pregnancy because of hormone levels. Menopausal indications are calmed at this point, yet a reduction in oestrogen makes women helpless to osteoporosis, cardiovascular ailments and obesity.
Can You Get Pregnant during Menopause?
During the peri-menopausal stage, the body experiences different changes because of fluctuating hormones; these outcomes in unpredictable menstrual cycles incorporating changes in flow, the term of the cycle and the period between two cycles. At times, there might be the nonappearance of menses for a considerable length of time over and over. During menopause, many women wonder ‘What are the chances of getting pregnant during menopause?’
During when the woman isn’t getting her menses, she is as yet ready to conceive a baby, as she is as yet ovulating, and her ovaries may at present discharge the staying last few mature eggs, and the nearness of sperm will bring about the fertilization of the ovum, prompting pregnancy.
The nonappearance of regular monthly menstrual cycles may frequently prompt confusion among pregnancy and the peri-menopausal stage. It is critical to counsel a gynaecologist once menopause pregnancy indications start to show up, to oversee menopausal symptoms and distinguish any such pregnancies a lot earlier.
Factors and Risks of pregnancy in Menopause
Pregnancy during menopause happens at an advanced age, which has expanded risks for both, the mother and her baby. The absolute most basic risks of conception at an advanced age are listed beneath:
- Miscarriages: Chances of having unsuccessful labour are similarly higher during the peri-menopausal stage and it may posture to be a risk to both the baby and mother as the eggs are of crumbled quality, physical changes of the uterus occur with age and fluctuating hormones add to the difficulties of pregnancy. In most pessimistic scenarios, there might be chances of stillbirth also.
- Pre-Mature Birth: Birth before the 37th week of gestation, is named as premature. Poor egg quality may expand chances of premature birth, low weight births and formative imperfections and disabilities in the baby.
- Birth Defects: Increased birth deformities are common during peri-menopausal pregnancies as the eggs are old and of more lower quality, Down’s syndrome is one of the most widely recognized birth defects which happens because of the generation of an additional chromosome during cell division
- Maternal Risks: Due to advancing age and resultant changes in the organs and organ system, the uterus can’t deliver solid contractions, prompting a higher likelihood of a C – session (caesarian session) during labour. There is an increased event of an ectopic pregnancy, wherein the embryo is embedded outside the uterus, which may demonstrate to be a risk to the mother. Advancing age is normally connected with fundamental conditions like hypertension, stroke and diabetes making pregnancy significantly progressively troublesome at such an age.
- Placenta Previa (Low Lying Placenta): This happens or possibly is found regularly during the most recent couple of long periods of gestation when the placenta covers part or nearly the whole cervix. This is normal in pregnancies that happen after the age of 35 years. Moms may experience bleeding and pain, such moms are typically encouraged to take total bed rest.
If you are going through mental stress about getting pregnant during menopause, clear all your doubts by consulting the expert IVF Doctor, Dr Shwetha Y Baratikkae at Janisthaa Fertility and IVF centre, Bangalore. With high rates of success and proven track record of successful pregnancy under her guidance, you can avail the best care and innovative treatment facilities at Janisthaa.