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Revolutionary Male Fertility Treatments in Basaveshwara Nagar - Bringing Hope to Couples Struggling with Infertility

Male Fertility refers to man’s ability to impregnate his female partner. In other words, it is the ability of a healthy sperm to impregnate a healthy egg to form zygote/ embryo that can results in an offspring.

The lack of this ability is referred to as Male Infertility, especially when the female partner is capable of conceiving. Unlike the women, male infertility is often related to many other factors other than age. The chances of having a baby for a man is higher before the age of 40.

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What causes male infertility problems?

Making mature, healthy sperm that can travel depends on many things. Problems can stop cells from growing into sperm. Problems can keep the sperm from reaching the egg. Even the temperature of the scrotum may affect fertility. These are the main causes of male infertility:

Erectile dysfunction: is the inability to get and keep a firm erection during sex. It does not indicate infertility as the underlying cause of dysfunction is often related to neural causes which can be treated through medications
Low sperm count: Low Sperm count or Oligospermia refers to lower count of sperm than normal levels during ejaculation which is 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Low sperm results in decreasing the chances of fertilizing one’s mating pair’s eggs and resulting in fertilization
Azoospermia: refers to a complete absence of sperm in ejaculation. There are 2 kinds of azoospermia. Obstructive Azoospermia is when the sperm is being produced in the testicles but there is blockage that prevents the sperm from reaching the ejaculate. Non-Obstructive Azoospermia is a condition when there is problem in production of sperms leading to no sperm production or very less amounts of sperm that cannot make its way out of the testicles
Low sperm motility: Motility is nothing but movement. Low sperm motility indicates inability of the sperm to travel through the female reproductive tract to reach and fertilize the eggs. It is less than the minimum rate of movement required i.e, 25 micrometers a second
Less normal morphology: Sperm Morphology refers to shape and size of the sperm. A normal sperm has an oval head of about 5 – 6 micrometers long and 2.5 to 3.5 micrometers wide. Out of the collected sample, 4% is expected to be of normal shape. Anything less than 4% is considered abnormally shaped, where the sperm might be crooked or have more than one tail.
Varicocele: Varicocele occurs due to enlarged veins in the scrotum. Studies have shown that varicocele damages sperms and results in lower sperm count. Varicocele is caused when the valves in the veins fail to prevent back flow of blood, thereby damaging the veins and causing it to swell

How is male infertility diagnosed?

Causes of male fertility can be hard to diagnose. The problems are most often with sperm production or delivery. Diagnosis starts with a full history and physical exam. Your health care provider may also want to do blood work and semen tests.

Physical examination: Performed along with history taking, physical examination involves examining the physiology to detect for overt abnormalities in the reproductive organs such as the penis, scrotum, testes, epididymis, vas deferens and spermatic cord that help in prescribing further effective diagnostic procedures.
Semen analysis: is a good diagnostic tool to analyze causes of male infertility. Semen sample collected is analyzed for volume of the ejaculate, sperm motility, total sperm count and sperm morphology.
Semen processing: is a diagnostic tool which involves separating individual sperm from the semen for further analysis
Hormonal profile: Like the hormonal profile conducted for females, male members are also subjected to hormone blood testto detect conditions that lead to infertility. It includes testing of LH, FSH hormones, Testosterone and prolactin levels
DFI: DNA Fragmentation Index or DFI is the measurement of the extent to which the sperm is affected by DNA damage. Damaged DNA in the sperm will not result in fertilization of the egg or the embryo fails to implant itself against the uterine lining. Commonly used DNA Fragmentation test is sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA)
Ultrasound: Ultrasound is conducted to assess testicular morphology, patency of different ducts and prostatic anomalies, erectile dysfunction etc. Scrotal Ultrasound is used to detect anomalies in testis and the peritesticular structures, such as varicoeles and epididymal abnormalities. Transrectal Ultrasound enables high-resolution imaging of the prostate, seminal vesicles and vas deferens and is the modality of choice in diagnosing congenital and acquired abnormalities.

What male infertility treatments are available?

Listed below are the methods of treatment available for female infertility at our centre.

Erectile dysfunction treatment
Varicolcele surgery
Sperm regriecal
Male Fertility Treatment

Are you considering to go for treatment but worried about which one to choose?

Why not book an appointment and our experts will be happy to advise you.