Refers to a condition of pregnancy where a risk develops either with regard to the health or life of the expectant mother or the fetus or both. It is condition where extreme care has to be employed in handling the expectant mother under the supervision of experts.
High risk pregnancy is often seen in expectant mothers beyond 35 years of age. It can also develop in cases of expectant mothers as pregnancy progresses. A number of factors are related to High Risk Pregnancies and have been listed below.
As mentioned, several factors can contribute to a high risk pregnancy. We have broadly classified them into Existing Health Conditions, Age, Lifestyle Factors and Conditions of Pregnancy
A lot of pre-existing health conditions that exist before or during pregnancy can result in High-risk pregnancy.
Age is an important factor for healthy pregnancy. Women of ages 20 – 35 are said to be in the prime of their birthing years. Giving birth during ages beyond the prescribed years could result in complications
Consumption of alcohol, cigarette smoking and recreational drugs can lead to numerous complications and cause addiction even in the new born or result in infants suffering from withdrawal symptoms. Some of the problems that are seen often are pre-term births, miscarriages, still-birth, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) etc.
such as Multiple Gestation (pregnancy with twins, triplets or more), gestational diabetes (diabetes developed during pregnancy) and Preeclampsia( sudden increase of blood pressure after 20th week of pregnancy) can all lead to various complications that can be a risk factor for successful pregnancy
Recurrent Pregnancy Loss is a condition when loss of pregnancy results in three or more different pregnancies but consecutively i.e, continuously one after another. A pregnancy loss is when pregnancy ends or is lost involuntarily before 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Causes of recurrent pregnancy loss could be genetic or chromosomal, greater maternal age (over the age of 35 years) where the quality of egg is poor, abnormality of the uterus, immune system, hormonal imbalance and many more.